Francis Dollarhide & Ambrose Maulding
Revolutionary War Soldier and How They Came to Hog Prairie
by Ralph S. Harrelson
Outdoor Illinois, March 1976
THE COURSE of human events often brings colorful
personalities and rich backgrounds of history to a particular locality.
Such was the case in the settlement of two Revolutionary War soldiers, Ambrose
Maulding and Francis Dollarhide, on or near Hog Prairie.
This little prairie, once a tiny speck in the old Dominion of Virginia,
was destined to become in 1821 a part of Hamilton County, Illinois.
Hog Prairie was situated between two county creeks, the “Possum and the
Ten Mile, and in Township Five south of Ranges five and six.
Historic trails were viewed and established near Hog Prairie, and others
traversed it. This bit of
meadowland, with its prairie flowers and grasses gently waving in southern
Illinois breezes, no doubt looked like a paradise to those far-traveled old
Revolutionary War veterans.
Ambrose Maulding entered from the government land on the prairie in
Section 13, in 1817. His son Ennis
in 1819 entered a tract just above the prairie in Section 12.
Francis Dollarhide lived near where the Gunter school later stood, and
not far from the southwest edge of the prairie in Section 13.
About one mile south of where Ambrose Maulding settled, the oldest church
in Hamilton County, the Ten Mile Creek United Baptist (now Southern), was
constituted September 2, 1820. In
the church cemetery the Ambrose Maulding memorial monument was unveiled June 15,
19__ to commemorate the memory of an old Indian fighter and frontier soldier who
died August 26, 1833.
Ambrose was a son of James and Katy (Tyler) Maulding, and a grandson of
Richard Maulding, an Englishman migrated to Caroline County, Virginia.
In April 1732, Richard was granted 387 acres of land in that county.
About 1780, James Maulding and his wife and sons Morton, Ambrose, Richard
and Wesley, and several daughters, settled on Red River in the present day
Adairville, Logan County, Kentucky. There
they established Maulding’s Station, sometimes called Red River, or Old
Station. Before that time Ambrose and Morton had helped to establish
Kasper’s or Gasper’s Station in Tennessee.
Due to violent Indian depredations the Mauldings temporarily abandoned
their Red River station, but returned later to play an important role in
founding Logan County.
The state of Kentucky was formed in 1792.
Early in its first session the legislature of the commonwealth authorized
the formation of Logan County. Ambrose
Maulding, ___Jackson and Young Ewing were the magistrates of the county’s
first court held in the home of Richard Maulding.
Wesley Maulding became the county’s first sheriff and Morton Maulding
was elected in 1794 the county’s first state representative.
Such is the background of this pioneer who settled on Hog’s Prairie.
After coming to Illinois, Ambrose Maulding served as Justice of the
Peace, while Hamilton was still part of White County, and helped to locate the
county seat of Jefferson County. He
also helped to view, open up and oversee numerous pioneer roadways.
In Kentucky, on May 23, 1806, Mourning Maulding, daughter of Ambrose, was
united in marriage to John Anderson. The
Andersons removed to Illinois and settled on __ Creek, near the present spillway
of Lake McLeansboro. In the
Anderson log cabin Hamilton County government was instituted in 1821.
One of Mourning (Maulding) Anderson’s granddaughters, Mary Catherine
____ Benson married James R. Campbell, who became a General during the
A family legend recalls the time when Mourning was returning from her
father’s home on Hog Prairie and was ___by a pack of hungry wolves.
She was on horseback and was carrying a side of fresh pork. After leaving the Prairie and upon entering the heavy timber
the wolves made their appearance and followed the swiftly running horse and its
rider to the Anderson cabin, where she was safe. Across Hog Prairie, according to the County records, ran the
trace of the Carmi-Kaskaskia road, which dated from 1817.
In February of that year Peter Phillips, Thomas Mays and Richard Maulding
were appointed to ___ this road from Peter Phillips’ to connect with the road
from Carmi to Ten Mile Prairie. In
June of that same year, Asa Ross, John Cameron, William Wheeler, Esqr., John
Gore and Peter Phillips were ordered to open up and keep in good repair the five
sections of this road from Carmi to where Peter Phillips lived.
The records indicate that Phillips lived northwest of present Macedonia,
and just inside the east border of Franklin County.
Information in this order gives the general ___of the Carmi-Kaskaskia
Another order relative to this road was made by the
commissioners of White County in October 1817. Peter Phillips, Lazarus Webb and
John Miller were ordered to view and mark out a road the nearest and best way
from Peter Phillips’ to the west boundary of White County.
At that date the west boundary of White would have been the same as the
west boundary of Franklin County after its organization in 1818.
In June, 1819, Ennis Maulding (son of Ambrose), was
appointed overseer of the section of the Kaskaskia road from two miles west of
Proctor’s to Ambrose Maulding’s. This
section would reach from some point east of present McLeansboro, to Maulding’s
home on Hog Prairie. Ennis was to
open the road thirty feet wide, bridge all branches and causeway all muddy
Ennis Maulding served in the eight General Assembly,
1832-1834 from Hamilton County. He
later moved to Wayne County, Illinois and established a mill on the Skillet Fork
River about a mile north of present Wayne City. He also became the first postmaster at Maulding’s Mills.
The Post Office was established there February 3, 1837.
Another pioneer trail dating from about 1819 touched on Hog Prairie. The record on page 204 of the History of Jefferson County gives some data relative to this road, as follows:
“September 7, 1819 – Curtis Caldwell, John Jordan
and Robert Mitchell
the road cut out by Maulding from his house in Hog Prairie is the same as that
shown on the plat of Hamilton County, done from the field notes of the
government surveys, and with date, 1837. This
road on the said plat is designated “Road from U. S. Saline to Goshen
The state road from McLeansboro to Benton, dating from 1841, branches off
of the older McLeansboro-Frankfort road at the Ten Mile Creek meeting house.
This junction was immediately south of Hog Prairie.
Alexander T. Sullenger, an early settler in Hamilton County, told of the
novel survey of the old Frankfort of McLeansboro road.
Robert Page, Alfred Moore and Moses Shirley were ordered to make the
survey, when Moore suggested the method. Each
of the road viewers had a mare and colt, the former of which each rode to
Frankfort, leaving the colts at home. Arriving
at Frankfort, the mares were turned loose.
The beeline they made for their respective offspring answered every
purpose for the location of the road.
Through the north side of the prairie ran the trace of the old
McLeansboro-Mt. Vernon road, dating back to 1821.
This road made intersection with Goshen Road at the old Abram Irvin
place, about one mile east of the Hamilton County line.
The oldest trail through this county, with the exception of Indian and
buffalo traces, is the famous Goshen Road.
A section of this road is still traveled southwest of Hog Prairie.
This section of road is linked to the lore of Hog Prairie, and to an
incident relative to Francis Dollarhide, the Revolutionary soldier, and
to young Hiram Wesley Hall.
Col. Hiram W. Hall (Civil War) was also a soldier in the Mexican War.
He was the father of the well-known Dr. Andy Hall. Col. Hall knew Francis Dollarhide personally and had an
exciting encounter with him when but a lad of seven or eight years of age.
In fact, Hall wrote that it looked as though he was doomed to receive a
At the time of the expected “caning,” 1832 or ’33, John Hall,
Colonel Hall’s father, lived on the east side of the Goshen Road a short
distance south of where the Reed schoolhouse now stands.
The John Hall farm was known later as the Albert Smith place.
Young Hiram was attending school in a log house which stood on the east
side of the Goshen Road, about one half mile south of where Route 14 West now
runs. Robert Page was his teacher.
(Page became the second school commissioner of Hamilton County, and its first
County Judge after the 1848 state constitution was adopted.)
Mr. Hall reported that one afternoon he was going home from school in
company with some older boys who lived near Hog Prairie.
They passed through a field near where Gunter school later stood.
In this field, Dollarhide cultivated a watermelon patch.
All the boys were industriously thumping the melons when Mr. Dollarhide
appeared, and the war clouds of the Revolution broke about over the field.
Col. Hall said the older boys sought safety in flight and he was left to
his fate –the expecting caning. The
old patriot asked young Hall what he was doing there.
He told him he was going home from school, whereupon Mr. Dollarhide
sternly informed him the road didn’t lead through his melon patch.
Young Hiram then said he was lost and didn’t know the way home.
Dollarhide then led from to the road leading to Hog Prairie, gave him some
timely advice and told Hall he thought he could overtake the other boys, which
Hall said that he did by some sprinting.
Francis Dollarhide was born in Caswell County, North Carolina about 1750.
He enlisted in 1776 and served about six years.
His service was with Captains William Morrow, __Taylor and Samuel Sexton,
and under Col. Lytle and Major Dugan. He
also served in Washington’s ___.
Among other engagements he was in Eutaw Springs and Yorktown.
Mr. Dollarhide died August 30, 1837.
Col. Hall believed he was buried at Ten Mile cemetery near where he had
Hog Prairie lore is in part ____ manifest by stone and flint artifacts of
the red man. The white pioneers gave the prairie a name.
It would be [interesting?] to know what the Indian called it.
…its lore has been preserved in documents, newspaper articles and
County Commissioners’ records, Hamilton County, Illinois
Plat of Hamilton County, constructed from field notes of government surveys.
The story of Russellville, by Ed Coffman
Probate records of Hamilton County, Illinois
Mourning Maulding (A family Outline), by Ruth Adams.
History Sketch of Maulding …
History of Jefferson County, Illinois by Globe Publishing Co. 1883
County Commissioners’ records, White County, Illinois
Records from Logan County, Kentucky
Information from War Records
History of Hamilton County, Illinois by Goodspeed Publishing Co., 1887.
note: Some portions of this article are illegible due to my poor copy.
When a word was questionable, I have so designated.
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